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Chrome yellow definition and application

Chrome Yellow

The chrome yellow pigments [1344-37-2], C.I. Pigment Yellow 34:77600 and 77603, are pure lead chromate or mixed-phase pigments with the general formula Pb(Cr,S)O4 [3.115] (refractive index 2.3–2.65, density ca. 6 g cm3).

Chrome yellow is insoluble in water. Solubility in acids and alkalis and discoloration

by hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide can be reduced to a minimum by precipitating inert metal oxides on the pigment particles.

Both lead chromate and lead sulfochromate (the latter is a mixed-phase pigment) can be orthorhombic or monoclinic; the monoclinic structure is the more stable [3.116]. The greenish-yellow orthorhombic modification of lead chromate is metastable at room temperature, and is readily transformed to the monoclinic modification under certain conditions (e.g., concentration, pH, temperature). The latter modification occurs naturally as crocoite.

Partial replacement of chromate by sulfate in the mixed-phase crystals causes a gradual reduction of tinting strength and hiding power, but allows production of the important chrome yellows with a greenish yellow hue.


Chrome yellow pigments are mainly used for paints, coil coatings, and plastics. They have a low binder demand and good dispersibility, hiding power, tinting strength, gloss and gloss stability. Chrome yellows are used in a wide range of applications, not only for economic reasons but also on account of their valuable pigment properties. They are important base pigments for yellow colors in the production of automotive and industrial paints.

Chrome yellow pigments stabilized with a large amount of silicate play a major role in the production of colored plastics (e.g., PVC, polyethylene, or polyesters) with high temperature resistance. Incorporation into plastics also improves their chemical resistance to alkali, acid, sulfur dioxide, and hydrogen sulfide.

Chrome green and fast chrome green mixed pigments are produced by combining

chrome yellow with iron blue or phthalocyanine blue.


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